Posted: January 6, 2021 | Updated: January 19, 2021 | By: LendVer Staff –
On December 27, 2020, the President signed into law what is known as the Consolidated Appropriations Act 2021. This Act is a $2.3 trillion spending bill that combines $900 billion in COVID-19 pandemic stimulus and relief, with a $1.4 trillion omnibus spending bill for the 2021 federal fiscal year. The Act also expanded certain aspects of the The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (aka the CARES Act) including changes and enhancements to the Paycheck Protection Program “PPP”.
What is the Paycheck Protection Program?
The PPP is a program that was released by the Small Business Administration on April 3, 2020 to help supply funding to small businesses, nonprofits, sole proprietors, and business entities affected by COVID-19. $660 billion of total PPP financing was approved under the CARES Act. The original iteration of the Paycheck Protection Program officially ended on August 8, 2020, leaving approximately $134 billion of unused funding.
The original PPP loan terms available to eligible recipients were as follows:
- Loan sizes up to $10 million
- Interest rate of 0.5% (later changed to 1%)
- Maturity of 2 years (later extended to 5 years)
- 8 week period to use funds (later extended to 24 weeks)
- First payment deferred for six months (later extended)
- Loan sizes equal to 2.5x average monthly payroll (minus any EIDL advance or loan received)
- No collateral or personal guarantees
- No borrower or lender fees paid
- Loan forgiveness available
Who is eligible for a PPP loan?
Roughly $285 billion of funding has been allocated for the Paycheck Protection Program under the new Act, and will be available until March 31, 2021 to businesses that were in operation as of February 15, 2020, and are still in operation. The PPP was primarily intended to be a payroll replacement or subsidy program for businesses only, and W2 employees and non-self-employed individuals are not eligible. Only eligible businesses can apply for a PPP loan, including certain nonprofit organizations, housing cooperatives, veterans’ organizations, tribal businesses, self-employed individuals, sole proprietors, independent contractors, and small agricultural co-operatives.
How much PPP financing can you qualify for?
There will be two methods to determining the maximum second-draw PPP loan amount. Second-draw PPP loans will have the same terms as first-draw loans, and will be eligible for 100% loan forgiveness if funds are used for allowable expenses.
- 2.5x average monthly payroll cost during the 12-month period prior to the loan application date
- 2.5x average monthly payroll cost for 2019
- Businesses with NAICS code beginning with 72 (generally hospitality businesses), can now receive up to 3.5x their average monthly payroll
Can a business get a 2nd PPP loan?
Under the Consolidated Appropriations Act 2021, businesses that have not yet received a PPP loan can apply for a 1st loan. Additionally, the Act has created for “second-draw” PPP loans, which allows businesses that have already received a PPP loan to apply for a 2nd PPP loan if the following general guidelines are met (subject to additional requirements):
- The business has 300 or fewer employees (with some exceptions)
- The business suffered at least a 25% reduction in gross revenue in one or more quarters of 2020 when compared to 2019 quarters (there are some exceptions for seasonal and newer businesses)
- Business has used or will use the full amount of first PPP loan
Have the first round PPP problems been fixed?
There were many issues present in the first round of PPP financing. The initiative of rolling out a large-scale stimulus package in the midst of an unprecedented global pandemic and economic crisis, resulted in major issues. PPP funds initially went too fast, guidance was slow to come out from the Treasury and Small Business Administration, loan fraud was a serious concern, loan funds didn’t last long enough for borrowers, the forgiveness process was unclear and cumbersome, an unknown significant tax burden arose for PPP loan recipients, and on and on. Below are a few improvements the new legislation has implemented to address some of the prior issues:
- The maximum loan size for PPP loans has been restricted to $2 million. The implied intent is to make PPP funding last longer and deliver it into the hands of smaller businesses.
- The economics for lenders to make smaller PPP loans has improved, meaning the prioritization by lenders of larger loans should be reduced.
- Businesses with NAICS code beginning with 72 (generally hospitality businesses), can now receive up to 3.5x their average monthly payroll, compared to 2.5x prior.
- The loan forgiveness application for PPP loans less than $150,000 has been streamlined to a 1-page application. This will reduce the burden and expense for the smallest of businesses to obtain loan forgiveness.
- Only 60% of PPP loan funds need to go for payroll costs, with 40% able to be used for other (now expanded) eligible expenses such as operations expenditures, property damage costs, supplier costs, work protection expenditures, and more.
- Borrowers can now choose their covered loan period for an amount of time between 8 and 24 weeks.
- Forgiven PPP loan expenses will be tax deductible, reversing unpopular IRS guidance, and eliminating a significant tax liability for many.
- Entity eligibility has expanded to 501(c)(6)s, housing cooperatives, direct marketing organizations, and there is now greater flexibility offered for seasonal employees.
When can you apply for a PPP loan?
The SBA and Treasury Department announced January 8, 2021 that the PPP will re-open January 11, 2021, allowing community financial institutions to exclusively make first-draw PPP loans, and second-draw PPP loans beginning January 13, 2021. The PPP will open to lenders with less than $1 billion in assets on January 15, 2021, and all other lenders will be able to begin submitting PPP applications to the SBA on January 19, 2021. The Paycheck Protection Program will remain open through March 31, 2021, or until funding runs out.
Where to apply for a 1st or 2nd PPP loan
The Loan Source is the oldest Small Business Lending Company (SBLC) approved by the SBA to provide Paycheck Protection Program loans, and it accepting applications from new and existing clients. The Loan Source was one of the leaders during the first rounds of the Paycheck Protection Program, and is part of the selective SBA Preferred Lender Program, which is the highest level of approval status that a lender can receive from the SBA. This status enables a lender to directly approve SBA loans, without having to wait for SBA sign-off. Since The Loan Source is not a bank, it does not require an existing relationship, or that you transfer funds or other business services to receive a PPP loan.
The Loan Source currently services over $4.7 billion of PPP loans, is located in New York, NY, and has over 26 years of expertise servicing and originating SBA loans. The Loan Source has a robust team and specialized technology, dedicated to providing the simplest and most accessible PPP loan application process, forgiveness, and servicing experience available.
What documentation will be needed to apply?
The documentation requirements will vary from lender to lender, but will generally include the below. A few early PPP lenders chose to convert the SBA Form 2483 to an online application, which was allowed by the SBA. Many lenders like The Loan Source will be administering a completely online application process, to keep applying and receiving a PPP round 2 loan as streamlined and easy as possible. Borrowers interested in applying for a 1st or 2nd PPP loan should also prepare the following documentation as a precaution:
- SBA PPP Application: Familiarize yourself with the PPP first-draw application or second-draw application.
- Financials: 2020 profit & loss, 2019 and 2020 Q1, Q2, Q3, & Q4 business bank statements to document revenue loss.
- Payroll Records: 2019 and 2020 940s, 941s, and payroll reports.
- Business Documents: Articles of incorporation or organization, an IRS Form W9, and a copy of a voided check.
- Personal Information: Valid personal identification such as a color copy of a current drivers license.
- Tax Returns: 2019 and 2020 business tax returns, and/or personal returns if business income is scheduled there.
- Loan Notes: Copy of your existing PPP or EIDL loan note(s) and SBA guarantee number(s) (if applicable)
Recent PPP updates from the SBA and Treasury Department
- Top-line Overview of First Draw PPP (1/8/2021)
- Top-line Overview of Second Draw PPP (1/8/2021)
- Guidance on Accessing Capital for Minority, Underserved, Veteran and Women-Owned Business Concerns (1/6/2021)
- Borrower Application Form (revised 1/8/2021)
- Second Draw Borrower Application Form (1/8/2021)
- Interim Final Rule on Paycheck Protection Program as Amended by Economic Aid Act (1/6/2021)
- Interim Final Rule on Second Draw Loans (1/6/2021)
- How to Calculate Maximum Loan Amounts for First Draw PPP Loans and What Documentation to Provide – By Business Type (1/17/2021)
- Second Draw PPP Loans – How to Calculate Revenue Reduction and Maximum Loan Amounts Including What Documentation to Provide (1/19/2021)
Stay tuned for more information…
We will continue to update this article as more information about PPP round 2 becomes available, so be sure to check back regularly. In the meantime, please read our review of The Loan Source and learn why we’ve selected it as our 2021 Best PPP Lender.
Don’t hesitate to contact us if you need a free lender or service provider recommendation, have a question, or if you have a topic you’d like us to cover. Don’t forget to check out our featured “Best” lenders and providers, and our recent articles.